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Five Tips for Glucose Monitoring

1.  Know your target blood glucose range. Talk to your healthcare provider about your personal glucose goals for pre- and post-meal readings. To get an idea of the range for which you should aim, see below:

Time of check

Usual goal for Most people

Before meals


Two hours after meals*

less than 180




less than 7%

*expect a 30–50 point rise from premeal glucose levels 2 hours after a meal


2.  Learn how to check your glucose. Always wash your hands with warm water prior to drawing a sample for the test. If you can't wash them, wipe the area with an alcohol swab, and then shake your hand a bit below your waist to bring blood to the area. Perform the fingerstick, and apply directly to testing strip.

3.  Decide when to check your glucose levels. Talk with your healthcare team about when the best times are for you to check your glucose. It often makes sense to check before a meal, and then two hours after. Also try to check your glucose when you think you might be experiencing high or low glucose.

4.  Identify glucose patterns. Checking glucose levels shouldn't be viewed as an annoying task, but instead as a tool to figure out what the next step is in treating your diabetes. Think of   monitoring as a compass: when you figure out what your glucose is at different times of the day and look at the patterns, it will be much easier to determine what direction to head in.

5.  Determine what causes blood glucose changes. Do you sometimes miscalculate how much carbohydrate is in a particular food, and then find that your blood glucose is either too high or too low? Log these observations and try to remember them so you'll have an easier time in the future.

For more information, visit our Online Store and purchase, What You Need to Know About Diabetes.

Page last updated: November 07, 2019